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Babalochas and Iyalochas:
Center of the santería The babalocha or the iyalocha are the ones in charge of founding out the saint that should crown the head of the future devotee.

The rituals of initiation vary within the Afro-Cuban religion according to the rule they are part of (Ocha, Palo Monte or Abakuá). Even depending on the hierarchy and faculties the devotee will assume from that moment to his/her death.

Santería or Regla de Ocha:
The Santeria or Regla de Ocha was formed in the western provinces of the Island at the end of the 19th century, and in the 30s it extended to the eastern provinces. YorubaThe relationship spirit-fetish–magic has an especial place in this religious expression.

The traditional spiritism was mainly spread in the cities and urban areas, while other religious forms born in the Island had their first place in the rural areas in the eastern part of the country.

The Abakuá Secret Society:
In Cuba, those persons belonging to the secret masculine society Abakuá are known as abakúa or ñañigo. This kind of society is unique in the American continent.

The Babalawo:
The word babalawo in Yoruba language means father of knowledge or divination (from babá, father, and awo, divination).

The Regla Conga or Palo Monte:
This religious expression in has its roots in the cults practiced in the kingdom of Congo and other subordinated monarchies of Bantu origin. The western ethnology gathered under the same denomination the community of peoples from western, central and south Africa, that spoke that language in any of its forms