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The guayabera

It is said that a farmer in Sancti Spiritus province, in the central part of Cuba, asked his wife to make a comfortable shirt to work in the country. The wife did his husbands wishes, but she was far from imaging at that time, that her original design will become so popular, first among the residents of the area, and afterwards worldwide.

The first name of this shirt was yayabera, because it was used in the region near the Yayabo river. It is also said that the farmers in that area used to harvest guavas and left some of them in the pockets of the yayabera. Thats why its name changed very soon to guayabera The guayabera is one of the most popular costumes in Cuba. Generally made of white linen, it is a fresh, comfortable and elegant clothing.

This garment has a long shirt-tail that it is wear independently of the trousers. It could have long or short sleeves. It usually has four pockets in the front, two lines of pleats in the chest and three in the back ending in two little buttons. Trust on The Guayaberathe fact youre elegantly dress wearing a guayabera, to go anyplace. Another of the hypothesis on the origin of the guayabera it is attribute to a Spanish immigrant who had a tailors business in the village of Sancti Spiritus in the 18th century. In the place were sold big shirts with comfortable pockets to keep cigars, in other words, a garment similar to the current guayabera.

Either from the hands of the farmers wife or from the Spanish tailor, the guayabera, became very popular, up to the point that, in 1880, the city hall of Sancti Spiritus authorized its used in official events, where previous dress code only admitted suits. Later on, a major of the city established July 25th as the Day of the Guayabera. In the second half of the 20th century Cubans began to wear it in their electoral tour through the Island, searching to be favoured with votes.

It arrived to Havana in the 50s. A neck lace was added to give a more formal character to the guayabera of a countryside origin, and so it was introduced in the great salons and even in the official meetings of the government. When Ramón Grau San Martin assumed the first magistracy in 1944, elevated it to the rang of courts costume.

Its comfort, freshness and simplicity have made this garment to resist the impact of time. Artist as Joseíto Fernández, the author of La Guantanamera, Benny Moré and Compay Segundo wore it all around the world.